The Aceh province is located in the most west of Archipelago Islands. This region has a strategic position as the gate of trading and cultural traffic, which has been connecting East and West since the past centuries. Aceh region is known as a transit place of Chinese, Europe, India and Arabic merchants. This relationship made Aceh region as the first entrance of culture and religion into the Archipelago. According to the history, Aceh is the first place of Islamic dissemination in Indonesia where the first Islamic empires have established in Peureulak and Pasai. Sultan Ali Mughayatsyah had established the empire and located capital city in Bandar Aceh Darussalam (now called with Banda Aceh).
The existing regencies comprise the regencies of Simeulu, Aceh Singkil, South Aceh, South East Aceh, East Aceh, Central Aceh, West Aceh, Aceh Besar, Pidie, Bireuen, North Aceh, West South Aceh, Gayo Lues, Aceh Jaya, Nagan Raya and Aceh Tamiang. In addition, there are also the cities of Banda Aceh, Sabang, Lokseumawe and Langsa.
Many potential natural resources have an important role to activate domestic economy of Aceh Province, especially mining and industrial sectors. The two sectors contributed 68% of the total GRDP. Nowadays, non-agriculture sectors such as mining, industries and energy develop fast. However, agriculture sector including plantation, which covers approximately 60% of total area, is estimated to grow fast to keep its development equal with that of the development of non-agriculture sectors. Along with the policies to distribute development of sectors, the government has set up the Aceh province region into two (2) investment development zones based on its configuration, potential resources and limitation.
Most regions that are covered with forest areas are rich of a high economic value commodity that is oil and gas. Other main commodities include forestry, mining, industries, fisheries and plantation sectors with its main commodities such as palm oil, rubber, coconut, clove, coffee, tobacco, sea and fresh water fisheries, metals, coal, gold and other minerals.
Source by http://www.kadin-indonesia.or.id/en/doc/reg_info/reg_info_Aceh.pdf